This 16 part Awesome Video series shows the overview and setup in detail of a Micro Hydro Electric Power System build for the long term from the ground up.What a hydroelectric system does is that it converts the force from flowing water into electricity.
You take the kinetic energy of water flowing downhill from a stream or river and direct it onto a wheel in a turbine that converts the rotational energy to electricity. I have 2 natural springs that provide water which falls about 500 vertical feet through a mile of pipe and develops about 220 psi..Harness the power of hydropower; flowing water for clean, sustainable home free electricity 24/7 and ditch your dependency on the grid system for good.
The basic components of this build are A Stream Of Flowing Water – A hydroelectric generator is only useful in a bed of flowing water,Magnets – The magnets will spin against the coils to create an electric current.Bearing – Used for the disc to spin against,Coils – The coils will spin against the bank is to create an electric current.Half-Inch PVC Pipe – The disc will be placed on the PVC pipe.5-gallon bucket,Waterline – We are using the 5-gallon bucket and waterline to create a closed system.
The overview of the steps mentioned in this video series:
The first step in creating your hydroelectric generator is to create the discs. There are two parts to the disc, the stator and rotator disc. The stator disk is stationary and contains the coils. The rotator disc will be spun using the water current. The magnets will spin against the coils, creating an electric current. Now that we know the process, it is time to learn how you can make a hydroelectric generator yourself.
You can create these discs using templates that you can find online. Trace the amount uncovered and use them as templates to cut the discs that you will be using. Make a hole in the discs ½ inch wide, so the half-inch PVC pipe can fit through the center of them.
Place the discs side-by-side and attach the fins to the turbine. Attach the turbine to the rotator disc so it spins as the turbine spins. Make sure the fins are facing into the flow of water so that they will be pushed as the water passes through them.
Next, attach the coils to the stator and at the magnets to the rotator disc. When you add the magnets, alternate them with their North and South poles. Make sure each north facing magnet is next to two south facing magnets. Likewise, make sure each south facing magnet is next to two north facing magnets.
Add the turbine, rotator disc, and stator disk to the PVC pipe and rest it on top of the bucket. Pour water over The fins and the turbine will begin spinning. As the turbine spins, it will begin producing current as the bank is passed across the coils.
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- How to build a Homemade Archimedes Screw Turbine using PVC parts to generate Off the grid Power from a flowing river or stream/creekThis video series shows the setup of a micro hydro system using a flume which is basically a water trough that carries water to some height so the water can fall.The water enters the screw at the top and the weight of the water pushes on the helical flights, allowing the water to fall to the lower level and causing the screw to rotate.This rotational energy can then be extracted by an electrical generator connected to the main shaft of the screw. The materials you need to build this are Four decking boards - To serve as the floor in size to direct the water. Two 2x4’s – These will be cut to provide support for the decking boards,Screws - To secure the boards in place.6” PVC Pipe – Used as the body casing,Flange Bering – To spin the turbine,PVC T-Joint – Serves as the opening to let water flow through it,Farm Auger – This will spin as the water flows through it. Building the flume is a simple process, but it may take a lot of work depending on how far you need to take the water. We will show you how to build one section of the flume. From there, you can replicate this and make the flume as long as you need to. Take your 2x4’s and cut out two pieces that are 22 inches long, two pieces that are 17 inches long, and four pieces that are 8 inches long. Start out by laying the three 22 inch pieces horizontally and place two decking boards on top of them. Take the other two decking boards and use them as the side barriers for the water. Attach the four 8 inch pieces on either side of the supports and use the 17-inch pieces as cross supports over top of the flume. This is the completed section of the flume. Continue to replicate this and add to the flume as needed. You can attach stilts to the bottom of the flume to angle it downwards for the water to flow through it. Building the Archimedes screw turbine is simple. To start, simply take your PVC pipe and attach the pieces together. Since this is only a four-piece setup, it is very straightforward to set up. Insert the auger and make sure it has room to spin without too much friction slowing it down. Once the Archimedes screw turbine is put together, bring it to your flume and you can begin using it. Situate the flume so that it is creating a waterfall that you can position the screw turbine underneath. As water flows into the turbine, it will spin it. You can use this force to generate electricity. One of the great things about this setup is that it never stops. For as long as you have running water in the area, you will be able to generate electricity with this setup.