This project goes over how you can dig your own shallow well using simple tools that you can get from your local garden store. The materials you need to dig and install a well are as follows. A customized Seymour AUA2 Post Auger to dig the hole. A Shovel is used to move the pea gravel and dirt out of the way.
A Four inch casing PVC pipe that is going into the hole that is dug and this is going to hold the water until you need it. One and one fourth inch threaded adapter. This connects the bottom of the casing pipe to the foot valve. The foot valve is one and one quarter inch. This valve allows the water to come in and not go out. This helps to keep the pump primed.
A water well pump pipe which is basically a one and one quarter inch PVC pipe. This will pull the water from the bottom of the well bringing it to your pump. The length of this pipe is going to be determined by how deep your well is. It should be at least a foot shorter than the depth of your well. You don’t want this pipe sitting on the bottom because it would just be sitting in sediment and it will be clogging things up.
A pitcher pump that has a one and one quarter inch threaded water inlet at the bottom. A closet flange. It makes mounting the pump to the top of your well four inch casing pipe very easy and it also helps keep things clean. Basically you would just set this inside you your four inch pipe, drill a hole out of the middle of a board, screw that to the top of this flange then mount your pump to the board that you have fastened to this. A one and one quarter inch threaded adapter. This will screw into the bottom of your pitcher pump and in turn, it will connect to the pipe bringing water to your pump from the bottom of the well. Teflon tape, PVC glue.
Pea gravel – This will go down around the casing pipe of the well. The amount of pea gravel you need is determined by the depth of the well and water height. Quikcrete or aerated concrete to cap the top of the well. This prevents groundwater contamination and keeps stuff from finding a way to easily get into your well.
To find the spot for the well, we use couple of coat hangers as dowsing roads. We take a drinking straw ,cut it in half and slide it over the coat hangers. This helps us in not using our hands or fingers influence while dowsing. Also it is easy to rotate the rods within the straws. The rods are kept parallel to the ground . If the rods cross each other , then mark the spot on the ground directly down the cross . This is the ideal spot for the well.
The auger used for digging the hole for the well is modified from the default Seymour Post hole auger. We use a custom 5 foot 11 gauge one and half inch square tubing as the extension for the auger . The handle of the auger is a three foot three quarter inch pipe welded to a four inch 11 gauge square tubing.
We start digging into the the spot that we have found earlier using the dowsing rods. Pay attention to the changes in the color of sand , because that can give you clues as whether you are getting closer to water. We extend the auger using the square bar tube once the auger handle is near the ground. Once you have hit wet clay, there is going to be suction around. We twist and pull at the same time to get the auger out of the hole in this situation.
Next, we put the 20 foot PVC casing pipe into the hole . We cut slots using a reciprocating saw on the pipe one foot from the bottom of the well to the top of the water level to allow the water to flow into the well. Pea gravel is poured around the sides of the pipe all the way up to the slots .
The remaining hole area around the pipe is packed with sand and clay. We seal the well by packing it around the sides with quickrete cement. This helps the water not to be able to run down into your well but around it.
We lower the one and one quarter inch well pump pipe with the foot valve at the end into the PVC casing pipe. A four inch drain flange is secured on top of the casing pipe .
A pitcher pump is then attached to top of the pipe. To prevent the pump from moving, it is bolted to the board where the flange is installed. To prime the well, we pour some water down through the pitcher pump. Pump out the dirty water until it is clean.
- DIY Video:How to build a simple Off Grid Electricity Generation System using Two BatteriesThis project shows you how to generate Off grid AC Power using a simple Solar power station with 2 batteries.This system can provide enough off the grid power to run your appliances around the house.You can easily run light,a laptop computer, small tv and fan for several hours. Most of the item required can be bought from your local store or Amazon.The rough cost of building this system is as follows : $150 for 100W Solar Panel $75 each for 2 batteries. $20 for 400w Inverter $40 for charge controller. The whole system comprises of four things, a couple of batteries, inverter, and a charge controller.The inverter is purchased from Harbor freight ,the charge controller from fry electronics.The deep cycle batteries are from Walmart. So you start by setting up your panels outside. In this case, I have six one amp panel set up, 15 watts a panel, so that's 90 watts coming in. I lead them straight down to the main connection, it's just the six black wires all connected together and twisted tightly to that extension cord wire and the six red ones connected.Feed the line into your house,goes straight to the charge controller. The output wire from the charge controller goes into the battery.So solar panels to charge controller ,charge controller to lead battery in your bank.And as you want to expand this to two,three or more batteries, just use some automotive cables and go from positive terminal of one the positive of the other. And with a black wire, negative terminal to negative terminal, the other one. When you want to run something, just get your inverter that converts the power from DC to AC, take the clamps, clamp them onto that same lead battery in the system. So again, red to the positive side, black to the negative side and flip it on. So remember, when you hook things up like an inverter, or the charge controller or voltmeter, anything you're going to hook up on here, make sure you always pick one of the batteries to be the lead battery and hook everything to that. Whether you parallel one extra battery with it, or five or six or however many you want to put on there. Also added here is a lighted voltmeter which gives you a constant reading on your battery bank so you know exactly what's going on with it at all time. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cgEvCLJuBkg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8LAjx_XAR90 A simple system that can come really handy during a power outage or in any emergency situation.
- How to build a Simple Backyard Bio Sand Water Filtration System from easily available materials .This project goes over the build of an emergency cheap bio sand water filtration system. This can filter out your polluted water from your stream or lake or gutter. Bio sand filters are good for filtering parasites, bacteria, protozoa virus and fine sediments from well water. These work by doing four stages of purification. First is the biological zone where bacteria eats your parasites and pathogens viruses. That happens on the surface of the bio zone. The second is mechanical trapping where sediment can be attracted to porous rock, and it will filter out sediment absorption, third one is absorption where the electrostatic charge which will attract small particles and viruses down to virus level and get attracted to this sand and last stage is natural death from nutrient depletion when there won't be anything for bacteria or virus to eat or thrive on when they start to go through the sand dairy of the filter. There is two five gallon buckets, one stacked on top of the other. These are black food storage buckets. These buckets don't tend to promote the growth of algae as much as the opaque buckets do. The top bucket is the water storage bucket, the top one is the filter. There is an eighth inch hole on the lid at the top bucket that allows water to flow freely without creating a vacuum. There is a 16th of an inch hole at the bottom of the bucket that slowly let the water drip out onto the top of the next bucket. The bottom bucket has 8 one quarter inch holes along the sides. This allows the water to disperse over the top ,they drip down to the these holes along the side of the bucket such that they dont disturb the biozone underneath. It'll take about three weeks to establish a bio zone. And during that three week period, you're going to have to continually feed some polluted water in there with bacteria in it to feed the bio zone to make it develop and grow. It would put a large circular ring in the center of your bio filter and distribute the bacteria off to the side. Now this filter relies upon bacteria that forms on the top of the sand to eat the other bacteria like Giardia and Cryptosporidium. A pipe at the center will prevent the sand from coming up into the faucet and getting into the drinking water. We here have two layers of sand. The bio zone is going to have a couple inches of fine sand on it to promote the growth of the bacteria. The course sand underneath will filter out sediment and other bacteria. Bottom layer is an inch of fine and pea gravel. The second stage of this filter starts with the build of a 4 way distribution pipe made of PVC pipes and a four way coupler. We cut holes in these pipe ,one towards the end and the other towards the center. This will distribute the water over the top of the bucket and so that the water isn't just going in in one spot and trickling down one side or down the center and not evenly distributing it over the top of the sand Drill a hole at the bottom of the 2nd bucket and put a quarter inch brass drain plug .This can be used to drain water out the barrels if I want to store them or to flush them out. We put put 3 levels of gravel and 3 levels of sand in the second stage. Put two to three inches of each layer of gravel. Add an inch of activated carbon on top of this fine gravel. Treat both the filter with chlorinated water and fresh water and let it sit for few minutes. Stack the second stage filter on top of the first stage. Make sure the whole setup is tightly sealed. Further purify the water by letting it sit under the sun. The ultraviolet ray purify the remaining bacteria that might be in there. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6bqYI1Z68jM
- Cool DIY Video : How to run a Gasoline Engine on Waste Vegetable oil / Used Motor oil .