This project goes into the build of a DIY solar powered pressurized roof top water heater and shower that is portable for outdoor survival and camping trips. This project is easy to make and requires only minimal tools and plumbing parts.
The dimension of the pipe used for this build is six feet tall and four inch wide. This has a capacity of 15 liters. The materials you need to build this project are six feet long four inch ABS pipe, air compressor, two four inch PVC end caps, abs cement, rubber schrader valve, shutdown valve and retainer nut, radiator valve drain plug , forstner bit,two inch threaded end cap, high heat flat black paint, steel wool scrubber, methyl hydrate.
The shutoff valve is installed as low as possible in the pipe to avoid the necessity of having to tilt the system. Mark the position for the valve keeping the retainer nut in place , we insert a forstner bit into the nut creating a center mark for the drill .Once the hole is drilled ,we thread the shut off valve into place and attach the retaining nut.
For installing air compressor for pressurizing the tank ,we use an long schrader valve that is used for aluminum rim tyres. This valve uses threaded nuts to secure it in place .
Next step is to install the water intake opening. For this we use a two inch PVC threaded adapter socket . We take the diameter of the fitting and then drill out the opening and glue the fitting in place using ABS solvent cement.
A radiator valve drain plug is installed on the threaded end cap of the water intake PVC fitting .This valve helps to release extra pressure from the tank without opening the main drain shut off.
In order to improve thermal absorption of solar energy, the surface of the ABS pipe is painted with flat black paint. The surface is polished with steel wool soaked in methyl hydrate and applied one coat of spray primer followed by two coats of high heat restoleum black paint.
To mount the shower to roof of the car or truck , we use a canoe foam block . We extend the slots in the foam block to make them fit inside the cross rails . An arc is cut on the foam block equal to the outside diameter of the pipe and positioned it such that it left half an inch of foam between the mounting slot and the bottom of the arc. To attach the shower to the support pads, here we use one inch nylon tie down straps. With both these pads in place, the water heater is securely attached to the roof.
An inexpensive 25 foot long coiled three eighths inch hose from the local garden center is used as the shower hose. This would be perfect as it is easily stored and can be taken apart after use. The air compressor is connected to the pipe with the help of a multifunction spray nozzle .
Thee bursting point of six inch ABS pipe is well over 100 psi .So a 30 psi would provide safe and ample pressurized shower without any long term expansion fatigue to the pipe or glue connections .
- How to build a Simple Homemade Wind Generator from Old Ceiling Fan ,Microwave Oven Parts ,Old TV Antenna and other free junkThis project goes over the build of a homemade wind generator built from random junk ceiling fan ,microwave oven transformer ,office chair, an old piece of a TV tower, and some random electrical stuff. The blades are also from an old ceiling fan .It is extended with some wood and fibreglass on it to make it stronger. A scrap piece of pipe is attached as a shaft to the hub of the turbine. An office chair frame which can move freely is welded to the pole/post of the turbine. This is welded to an old TV Tower. 4 magnets are glued on the hub. The frame of an old microwave oven transformer is cut .Its core is exposed and that is welded onto the brackets. The magnets pass over the transformer core and induction takes place creating electric current. We can use that current to charge a battery or to power lights or whatever. A multi transformer setup would generate more power. We hook up a rectifying diode to convert from AC to DC and some capacitors which can even out the voltage and give us direct current. Also a diode to block the current from the battery to go up back up to the generator. This set up can charge small batteries. A piece of sheet metal is welded onto the bracket of the ceiling fan. Four magnets are spaced apart and aligned along their respective poles in north-south directions and glued to the bracket using 2 part epoxy. To generate more wattage from the wind generator ,we use an old 120V DC lawnmower motor. Because we have multiple poles, we have magnets that are really close to the armature, this is a way better motor to use. The only downfall of this is that it has brushes, eventually it's the brushes are going to wear out, you probably get a few years out of it before you need to replace those. This motor would probably put out about 100 watts. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1k8aHz6xlXg
- DIY Video : How to build a Survival Water Distillation System for under $5 and turn Salt Water Into Fresh WaterThis project goes into the build a simple survival water distillation system to turn your salt water into drinkable fresh water. This setup can be made with little more than two glass bottles, some metal trays and some sand. So the primary components of this setup are two glass bottles, the wider the bottles are in diameter ,the better and a pair of metal trays. The first part of this process will be to prepare an area such that the two bottles can rest mouth to mouth. The important part is that one of them needs to be suspended over a heat source. This could be done over an open campfire, you just need to find a way to suspend the bottle above the flame either using rocks or logs. Cut a small notch on one side of the pan so that the neck of the bottles can sit a little lower in the pan. This is by no means necessary, but it will make the setup a little more secure. With the trays secured in place, both of them are now filled with sand. The sand will allow the trays to more efficiently act as heat sinks, one tray to cool one of the bottles and the other tray will be used to very evenly heat the other bottle so that it doesn't shatter from being heated too much on one side. The bottle is pressed firmly into the sand so that it gets good thermal contact and will be heated evenly. The second bottle is adjusted such that its mouth will meet up with the first and it is also pressed into the sand to obtain good thermal contact. Another reason that I'm using sand for this is because it makes it very easy to adjust the bottles angles and it is best to make the bottles meet up as evenly as possible so that there is not much room for water vapor to escape. We want it all to make it into this second bottle where it can condense as freshwater. As an additional measure to keep the cold half of the bottle cold, we wet the sand on this bottle with water or cover them with a wet cloth to allow evaporative cooling to take place. With such a large quantity of sand in this tray it does take a little while for it to reach the boiling point and get this process started. But once the sand has reached that point, it stays hot for a long time. So it is a pretty quick process as the water boils dry in this first bottle to simply refill it and you can continue on with the distillation process as long as you want. Rotate the bottle so that the top portion becomes hot from the steam, it is rotated into the cold sand below. And in that way the entire bottle maintains a cold temperature which causes the distillation to go much faster. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R_-wFiFdwAE
- DIY Video : How to get Gold from Scrap Computer parts that you can find at the junkyardThis project goes over how you can easily refine and smelt Gold from Old Scrap Computer Memory Chips . The materials you need for this project are some Muriatic acid,Hydrogen peroxide,Urea,Sodium Metabisulfite,Nitric acid. Cut the little gold fingers from the chips using a heavy duty scissors.Get right to the edge of the gold and cut that off. Okay, now that we've got all the fingers cut off of our memory chips, we put them in a plastic container.And in equal parts, we're going to add our hydrogen peroxide and our muriatic acid. Let it sit for 24 hours.If you can put it out in the sunlight during the days or the day time and then bring it back in at night,that's ideal. Drain the mix through a coffee filter and into another plastic container. And then we will rinse distilled water in these fingers and go through each one of the fingers and make sure there isn't any gold left on them. Filter the Gold granule filled water using a coffee filter,add sprinkles of distilled water.This helps to move those tiny granules around. Add some nitric acid and muriatic acid to the gold mix and put it on a hot plate or a coffeemaker and turn it low.Let that gold dissolve into the mixture. Strain the mixture through a coffee filter and rinse them though distilled water and put it on a burner. Now we are going to add Urea. Basically what the urea is going to do is neutralize the acid, we're going to start with one tablespoon of this, and then keep adding it stops bubbling that's all the acid neutralizing right there. Now we're going to add our sodium metal by sulfate, we're going to add two teaspoons of that. And that's going to turn all that liquid gold into metal. Let the mixture sit overnight and let it settle down.Everything on the bottom is going to be our gold, and it's going to be ready to smelt. Heat them till its melted and upon weighing its around 1.91 grams. Next step is testing the gold we have produced and see how pure it is. We use different acids based on the karat.If there is no reaction from the acid test,ifit's not changing colors, and it's not dissolving ,then we have a pure 22 or 24 karat gold here. If you follow this process, you will be able to convert all of your old and outdated computer chips into pure gold that you can turn around and sell for money. It’s a great way to salvage your old electronics and get some value out of them. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8lXd85YfcvY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5c9Z5UYsUV4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qkmhEGBjyMs